Benefits for Scheduled Tribes
Despite having nearly 12% population, the ST community (Gujjars, Bakerwals and others) had no political reservation. STs will now get political representation through reservation in Assembly seats like in the rest of the country.
Gender discrimination to be ended
Property and all other rights of women marrying outside the State will now be fully protected. So many women from the state have married and settled in other parts of the country and even abroad, will now retain full and legal rights on land and all other rights.
Benefits to Scheduled Castes and OBCs
SC employees were not getting full benefits of reservation especially in promotion like their colleagues in the rest of the country. Safai karamcharies in the state were being denied citizenship rights as a result they could not get jobs forcing them to remain sanitation workers. All safai karamcharies will now get full citizenship and other rights and benefits- Manual scavenging will stop.
Justice for West Pakistan Refugees (WPRs)
Over 20,000 West Pakistan Refugees (WPRs) were hitherto aliens in their own country. They were denied all democratic rights as well as citizenship and property rights. They will now enjoy all democratic and other rights as citizens of the country.
Investment, Development and Employment
The application of Articles 370 and 35 A placed restrictions on transfer of land. As a result private investment in developmental works was severely constrained. No major investment in Education, Health or Tourism. Consequently, employment opportunities especially for youth remained restricted. Removal of restrictions will encourage industry and private investment. This will spur growth and employment leading to prosperity for all.
Big Boost for Tourism
The special provisions and consequent restrictions prevented investment by major national and global players in the tourism sector. With the restrictions having been removed, the tourism potential of the region will be fully utilised. Investment in tourist infrastructure such as hotels and other facilities will increase tourist arrivals and create further job and earning opportunities.
Benefits to land owners
Land rates all over the country have increased many fold while rates in J&K have not increased as much. This will change in the days to come. Any landowner who wishes to sell his land would benefit from increased prices. However fears of the people about loss of land and properties are not well founded. There will be no change in ownership due to removal of Article 370.
New Dawn for Youth - Equal Opportunity for all
While the children of separatists and politicians study in London, New York, Singapore and other top cities of the world, the children of the poor in J&K have been denied even a decent education facility. Now there will be a new dawn in Kashmir ensuring equal opportunity for all. There will be significant upgrade in education facilities of all, particularly the children of the poor.
Panchayati Raj Institutions
The establishment of Local Self Governing Institutions was so far erratic and at the whims of the State Government. For long periods, no elections to Panchayats were held. Now the 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment have become applicable. Constitutional status has been given to local self governments in Rural & Urban areas. All provisions relating to Panchayats and local self governments to be fully applicable. This will lead to strengthening of grass roots democracy.
Transparency and Accountability – Control Corruption
Lack of strong laws led to corruption and poor accountability. As a result much of the funding failed to reached the poor. So despite massive spending, little impact was seen on the ground. Now all anti corruption central Laws including Whistle Blower Act will be applicable.
People friendly laws and constitutional amendments of the Indian Constitution now to be made applicable
Earlier applicability of Central Laws to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) was limited. No Central Act could be made applicable to J&K except through special procedure. As a result, many laws could not be applied to J&K thereby depriving the local residents of the benefits of these legislations. So many progressive laws such as Right to Education, Maintenance & Welfare of Parents & Senior Citizens Act, 2001, National Commission for Minority Act and acts for benefit of Women, Children, Disabled will now be applicable. The application of these laws will help the most vulnerable ections of the population.